Apart from its domestic laws, SVG has signed, ratified, and acceded to a number of international documents under the United Nations (UN) and the Organization of American States (OAS). These documents (declarations/treaties/conventions) may give rise to a number of international legal obligations.
The UN is one of the largest international organizations in the world. Amongst other things, it is dedicated to promoting human rights. This includes promoting equality and non-discrimination. To learn more about the United Nations Human Rights System, follow this link. To also learn more about some of the different documents under the UN that SVG has signed, ratified, or acceded to, see the links below:
Civil and Political Rights
Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Social and Economic Rights
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict
Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Asylum, Refugee and/or Migrant rights
International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
SVG has ratified or acceded to some treaties or important documents under the OAS.
Under the OAS we have the Interamerican Human Rights System which is the regional human rights mechanism for member states in the OAS. The Interamerican Court of Human Rights is located in San José, Costa Rica, and the Interamerican Commission on Human Rights is located in Washington, USA. To learn more about the Interamerican System of Human Rights, kindly follow this link.
Learn more about some of the different documents under the OAS which SVG has signed, ratified, or acceded to below:
NON-BINDING INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTS
There are many non-binding international documents that may be useful concerning promoting equality and protecting against discrimination in SVG.
Declaration of Principles on Equality and commentary
The Declaration was created by a group of experts and activists, outlining the principles relating to the fundamental international human rights norms of equality and non-discrimination.
1. Declaration of Principles on Equality
2. Commentary on the Declaration of Principles on Equality
Presently, there is no binding international convention on States protecting the rights of LGBTQ+ persons, however, we do have the Yogyakarta Principles and the Yogyakarta Principles plus 10, which are both non-binding.
Human Rights Watch
- “I Have to Leave to Be Me” Discriminatory Laws against LGBT People in the Eastern Caribbean (2018)
United Nations (Click here for Full list of documents in the Treaty Body Database)
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Universal Periodic Review (2016)
- Human Rights Committee Concluding observations on Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the absence of its second periodic report (2019)
- Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families Concluding observations on Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the absence of a report (2018)
- Committee on the Rights of the Child Concluding observations on the combined second and third periodic reports of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2017)
- Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Concluding observations on the combined fourth to eighth periodic reports of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2015)
- Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (2003)
1. Neglect of Implementation of International Treaties at the Domestic Level
SVG has signed, acceded to, or ratified various international treaties. However, the State needs to do more than this. It needs to implement these treaties at the domestic level. So far, SVG has failed to implement most international treaties at the domestic level.
2. Neglect of OAS/Interamerican Human Rights System
The Interamerican human rights system was specifically created to address human rights issues in the Americas and the Caribbean. However, SVG has failed to sign, accede to or ratify some important human rights treaties under the Interamerican human rights system such as the American Convention on Human Rights and the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ("Protocol of San Salvador"). Additionally, so far it has failed to take the necessary steps so that the Interamerican Court of Human Rights can have jurisdiction over it.
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